Contextualización histórica y social de la remoción del vello púbico femenino


  • Luis Alfonso Díaz-Martínez


Palabras clave:

vello púbico, imagen corporal, rasurado genital, remoción del vello corporal, depilación, feminidad


Objetivo: demostrar que la remoción del vello púbico femenino -una práctica común en la actualidad- es el resultado de los cambios en el vestido y las estrategias de mercadeo de los fabricantes de productos para la eliminación del pelo corporal y hacer una aproximación a lo que dicen las mujeres hoy en términos de las razones para hacerlo.

Materiales y métodos: se presentan los antecedentes históricos de la remoción del vello genital, su manejo en otras culturas, la frecuencia y las razones por las que se hace en la actualidad, y se revisan las estrategias comerciales y de comunicación utilizadas.

Conclusiones: el imaginario actual de belleza femenina de inicio del siglo XXI implica la modificación del cuerpo en la búsqueda de un ideal de piel tersa y libre de vello, solo posible de manera artificial, haciendo que la sociedad como un todo lo considere normativo por razones estéticas, higiénicas, eróticas y de autoimagen.

Biografía del autor/a

Luis Alfonso Díaz-Martínez

Profesor titular, Departamentos de Pediatría y de Ginecoobstetricia. Director del Grupo de Investigación Paidós, Escuela de Medicina, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Referencias bibliográficas

Weiss RA. Apes, lice and prehistory. J Biology. 2009;8:20.

Riddell L, Varto H, Hodgson ZG. Smooth talking: The phenomenon of pubic hair removal in women. Can J Human Sex. 2010;19:12130.

Ramsey S, Sweeney C, Fraser M, Oades G. Pubic hair and sexuality: A review. J Sex Med. 2009;6:210210.

Ogland B, Nilsen ST, Forman MR, Vatten LJ. Pubertal development in daughters of women with preeclampsia. Arch Dis Child. 2011;96:7403.

Susman EJ, Houts RM, Steinberg L, Belsky J, Cauffman E, Dehart G, et al. Longitudinal development of secondary sexual characteristics in girls and boys between ages 9 1/2 and 15 1/2 years. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010;164:16673.

Christensen KY, Maisonet M, Rubin C, Flanders WD, DrewsBotsch C, Dominguez C, et al. Characterization of the correlation between ages at entry into breast and pubic hair development. Ann Epidemiol. 2010;20:4058.

Jones LL, Griffiths PL, Norris SA, Pettifor JM, Cameron N. Is puberty starting earlier in urban South Africa? Am J Hum Biol. 2009;21:3957.

Huen KF, Leung SS, Lau JT, Cheung AY, Leung NK, Chiu MC. Secular trend in the sexual maturation of southern Chinese girls. Acta Paediatr. 1997;86: 1121-4.

Sun SS, Schubert CM, Liang R, Roche AF, Kulin HE, Lee PA, et al. Is sexual maturity occurring earlier among U.S. children? J Adoles Health. 2005;37:34555.

Mul D, Fredriks AM, van Buuren S, Oostdijk W, VerlooveVanhorick SP, Wit JM. Pubertal development in The Netherlands 19651997. Pediatr Res. 2001;50:47986.

Danubio ME, Sanna E. Secular changes in human biological variables in Western countries: an updated review and synthesis. J Anthropol Sci. 2008;86:91-112.

Pagel M, Bodmer W. A naked ape would have fewer parasites. Proc Biol Sci. 2003;270:S1179.

Robinson L. On a possible obsolete function of the axillary and pubic hair tufts in man. J Anat Physiol. 1892;26(Pt 2):2547.

Klein AW, Rish DC. Depilatory and shaving products. Clin Dermatol. 1988;6:68-70.

Haedersdal M, Haak CS. Hair removal. Curr Prob Dermatol. 2011;42:111-21.

Gan SD, Graber EM. Laser hair removal: A review. Dermatol Surg. 2013; 39:82338.

Olsen EA. Methods of hair removal. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1999;40:143-55.

Cole PD, Hatef DA, Taylor S, Bullocks JM. Skin care in ethnic populations. Sem Plast Surg. 2009;23:168-72.

Zandi S, Lui H. Longterm removal of unwanted hair using light. Dermatol Clin. 2013; 31:179-91.

Zoumaras J, Kwei JS, Vandervord J. A case review of patients presenting to Royal North Shore Hospital, with hair removal wax burns between January and November 2006. Burns. 2008;34:254-6.

Farage MA, Lennon L, Ajayi F. Products used on female genital mucosa. Curr Prob Dermatol. 2011;40: 90-100.

Glass AS, Bagga HS, Tasian GE, Fisher PB, McCulloch CE, Blaschko SD, et al. Pubic hair grooming injuries presenting to U.S. emergency departments. Urology. 2012;80:1187-91.

Haque AK, AlGhazal S. Burn from hair removal cream-a case report. Burns. 2004;30:866-7.

Quain RD, Militello G, Crawford GH. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by colophony in an epilating product. Dermatitis. 2007;18:96-8.

Dendle C, Mulvey S, Pyrlis F, Grayson ML, Johnson PD. Severe complications of a "Brazilian" bikini wax. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45:e29-31.

Trager JD. Pubic hair removal-pearls and pitfalls. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2006; 19:117-23.

Herbenick D, Schick V, Reece M, Sanders S, Fortenberry JD. Pubic hair removal among women in the United States: prevalence, methods, and characteristics. J Sex Med. 2010;7:3322-30.

Shinmyo LM, Nahas FX, Ferreira LM. Guidelines for pubic hair restoration. Aesthet Plast Surg. 2006;30:104-7.

Tiggerman M, Kenyon SJ. The hairlessness norm: The removal of body hair in women. Sex Roles. 1998;39:873-5.

Basow SA. The hairless ideal. Women and their body hair. Psychol Women Q. 1991;15:83-96.

Kilmer M. Genital phobia and depilation. J Hellenic Stud. 1982;102:104-12.

Kirchhof M. Trends in body hair removal as depicted through art (Poster 6886). Am J Acad Dermatol. 2013;68(4):AB34.

Boice RA. The age of manscaping: Controlling bodies and defining manhood in the 21st Century. Denver: University of Colorado; 2012.

López LC, Stella AM. Dermatología estética a través del tiempo. Rev Argent Dermatol. 2007;88:227-33.

Fisher W. The Renaissance beard: masculinity in early modern England. Renaiss Q. 2001;54:15587.

Ramsey S, Sweeney C, Fraser M, Oades G. Pubic hair and sexuality: a review. J Sex Med. 2009;6:210210.

Lombroso C, Ferrero F. Other anomalies. In: Criminal women, the prostitute and the normal women. Durham: Duke University Press; 2004.

Voigt S. (Dimples. On Rudolph Bergh's studies of the prostitute women's genital anatomy). Dansk Medicinhistorisk Arbog. 2009;37:5166.

Labre MP. The Brazilian wax: New hairlessness norm for women? J Comm Inq. 2002;26:11332.

Lewis JM. Caucasian body hair management: A key to gender and species identification in U.S. culture? J Am Cult. 1987;10:714.

Ferner R. Summertime. BMJ. 2012;344:e4245.

Herzig RM. The woman beneath the hair: treating hypertrichosis, 18701930. NWSA J. 2000;12:5066.

Thomas C. "Bleaching the Ethiopian". Desegregating race and thecnology through early XRay experiments. Technol Culture. 2006;47:27-55.

Herzig RM. Removing roots: "North American Hiroshima maidens" and the X ray. Technol Culture. 1999;40:723-45.

Szuchamn P. The history of bikiny waxing. Cosmopolitan 2004;237(2A):90.

Hairy legs. BMJ. 1976;2:777.

Basow SA, Braman AC. Women and body hair. Social perceptions and attitudes. Psychol Women Q. 1998;22:637-45.

Toerien M, Wilkinson S. Expoloring the depolation norm: A qualitative questionnaire study of women`s body hair removal. Qualit Res Psychol. 2004;1:69-92.

Schick VR, Rima BN, Calabrese SK. Evulvalution: the portrayal of women's external genitalia and physique across time and the current barbie doll ideals. J Sex Res. 2011;48:74-81.

Yazdabadi A, Sinclair R. Hirsutism: from Brazil to a place near you. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2010;11:177-83.

Demirci S, Dogan KH, Erkol Z, Deniz I. Is daily shaving of axillary and pubic hair a feature of suicide in the Muslim community? Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2008;29:330-3.

Barlas U. [Cleaniness and hygiene from infancy to adolescence in Karabuk, Safranbolu, Eflani and Eskipazar]. New History Med Stud. 1998;4:165-80.

Abdel-Gawad MM, Abdel-Hamid IA, Wagner RF Jr. Khite: a non-Western technique for temporary hair removal. Int J Dermatol. 1997;36:217.

Tannir D, Leshin B. Sugaring: an ancient method of hair removal. Dermatol Surg. 2001;27:309-11.

Toscani M, Fioramonti P, Rusciani A, Scuderi N. Hair transplantation to restore pubic area. Dermatol Surg. 2008;34:280-2.

DeMaria AL, Berenson AB. Prevalence and correlates of pubic hair grooming among low-income Hispanic, Black, and White women. Body Image. 2013;10:226-31.

Bercaw-Pratt JL, Santos XM, Sanchez J, Ayensu-Coker L, Nebgen DR, Dietrich JE. The incidence, attitudes and practices of the removal of pubic hair as a body modification. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2012;25:12-4.

Herbenick D, Hensel D, Smith NK, Schick V, Reece M, Sanders SA, et al. Pubic hair removal and sexual behavior: findings from a prospective daily diary study of sexually active women in the United States. J Sex Med. 2013;10:678-85.

Smolak L, Murnen SK. Gender, self-objectification nad pubic hair removal. Sex Roles 2011;65:506-17.

Martins Y, Tiggemann M, Churchett L. Hair today, gone tomorrow: a comparison of body hair removal practices in gay and heterosexual men. Body Image. 2008;5:312-6.

Herbenick D, Reece M, Sanders S, Dodge B, Ghassemi A, Fortenberry JD. Prevalence and characteristics of vibrator use by women in the United States: results from a nationally representative study. J Sex Med. 2009;6:1857-66.

Sharp RL, Costill DL. Influence of body hair removal on physiological responses during breaststroke swimming. Med Sci Sports Exerc.1989;21:576-80.

Jean D, Leal C, Krimler S, Meijer H, Moore LG. Recomanacions médiques per a dones que van a altitud. Document de consens de la comissió mèdica de la UIAA. Apunts Medl`esport. 2006;151:116-24.

Tanner J, Woodings D, Moncaster K. Preoperative hair removal to reduce surgical site infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006(3):CD004122.

Collins JB, Verheyden CN, Mahabir RC. Core measures; implications for plastic surger y. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013;131:1266-71.

Hanafy HM. Role of pubic hair in urinary tract infections. Urology. 1976;7:237.

Armstrong NR, Wilson JD. Did the “Brazilian” kill the pubic louse? Sex Transm Infect. 2006;82:265-6.

Ackard DM, Kearney-Cooke A, Peterson CB. Effect of body image and self-image on women’s sexual behaviors. Int J Eat Dis. 2000;28:422-9.

Cómo citar

Díaz-Martínez LA. Contextualización histórica y social de la remoción del vello púbico femenino. Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol. [Internet]. 20 de diciembre de 2013 [citado 25 de febrero de 2024];64(4):453-61. Disponible en:


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.






Artículo de Reflexión
QR Code


Estadísticas de artículo
Vistas de resúmenes
Vistas de PDF
Descargas de PDF
Vistas de HTML
Otras vistas